Saami Mitochondrial DNA Reveals Deep Maternal Lineage ClustersDelghandi M.a · Utsi E.c · Krauss S.b
a Morphology II Department and b Department of Molecular Genetics, Institute of Medical Biology, University of Tromsø, and c Hjertesenter, Karasjok, Norway
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The mitochondrial DNA of 62 Saami from the north of Norway was analyzed in the D loop hypervariable region I and II and sequences were compared to other gene pools. Two major (lineage 1 and 2) and two minor (lineage 3 and 4) maternal lineage clusters were found. Lineage 1 (56.9% of all hitherto analyzed Saami samples) contains a substantial number of branching haplotypes which are unknown in European gene pools. Lineage 2 (31.5%) and lineage 4 (3.6%) have few branching points and are present at a low rate throughout European gene pools. Lineage 3 (4.7%) has polymorphisms characteristic of circumpolar lineages.
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