Login to MyKarger

New to MyKarger? Click here to sign up.

Login with Facebook

Forgot Password? Reset your password

Authors, Editors, Reviewers

For Manuscript Submission, Check or Review Login please go to Submission Websites List.

Submission Websites List

Institutional Login

For the academic login, please select your country in the dropdown list. You will be redirected to verify your credentials.

Journal Mobile Options
Table of Contents
Vol. 21, No. 3, 2006
Issue release date: February 2006
Section title: Original Research Article
Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 2006;21:175–181
(DOI:10.1159/000090733)

An Estimate of the Worldwide Prevalence and Direct Costs of Dementia in 2003

Wimo A. · Jonsson L. · Winblad B.
Division of Geriatric Epidemiology, Neurotec, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
email Corresponding Author

Dr. Anders Wimo

HC Harmånger

Backv 3

SE–820 75 Harmånger (Sweden)

Fax +46 652 71261, E-Mail Anders.Wimo@neurotec.ki.se


References

  1. Schneider EL, Guralnik JM: The aging of America. Impact on health care costs. JAMA 1990;263:2335–2340.
  2. Rice DP, Fox PJ, Max W, Webber PA, Lindeman DA, Hauck WW, et al: The economic burden of Alzheimer’s disease care. Health Aff (Millwood) 1993;12:164–176.
  3. Jonsson B, Jonsson L, Wimo A: Cost of dementia; in May M, Sartorius N (eds): Dementia. WPA Series Evidence and Experience in Psychiatry. London, Wiley & Sons, 2000, pp 335–363.
  4. Wimo A, Winblad B, Aguero Torres H, von Strauss E: The magnitude of dementia occurrence in the world. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 2003;17:63–67.
  5. Andlin-Sobocki P, Jonsson B, Wittchen HU, Olesen J: Cost of disorders of the brain in Europe. Eur J Neurol 2005;12(suppl 1):1–27.
  6. Jacobzone S, Cambois E, Chaplain E, Robine J: Long term care services to older people, a perspective on future trends: the impact of an improved health of older persons. Report No AWP 4.2. Paris, OECD, 1998.
  7. Fratiglioni L, Rocca WA: Epidemiology of dementia; in Boller F, Cappa SF (eds): Handbook of Neuropsychology, ed 2. Amsterdam, Elsevier, 2001, pp 193–215.
  8. UN: World population prospects: The 1998 revision. World population 1950–2050. New York, United Nations, 1998.
  9. Lobo A, Launer LJ, Fratiglioni L, Andersen K, Di Carlo A, Breteler MM, et al: Prevalence of dementia and major subtypes in Europe: a collaborative study of population-based cohorts. Neurologic Diseases in the Elderly Research Group. Neurology 2000;54(suppl 5):S4–S9.
  10. Hofman A, Rocca WA, Brayne C, Breteler MM, Clarke M, Cooper B, et al: The prevalence of dementia in Europe: a collaborative study of 1980–1990 findings. Eurodem Prevalence Research Group. Int J Epidemiol 1991;20:736–748.
  11. Rice DP, Hodgson TA, Kopstein AN: The economic costs of illness: a replication and update. Health Financing Rev 1985;7:61–80.
  12. Siegel JE, Torrance GW, Russell LB, Luce BR, Weinstein MC, Gold MR: Guidelines for pharmacoeconomic studies. Recommendations from the panel on cost effectiveness in health and medicine. Panel on cost Effectiveness in Health and Medicine. Pharmacoeconomics 1997;11:159–168.
  13. World Economic Outlook: International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2004/02/data/index.htm.
  14. World bank classification of economies, 2005. http://www.wordlbank.org/data/countryclass/classgroups.htm.
  15. Håkansson S: Different ways of organizing and financing health care; in Wimo A, Jönsson B, Karlsson G, Winblad B (eds): Health Economics of Dementia. London, Wiley & Sons, 1998, pp 67–97.
  16. Gerdtham UG, Lothgren M: On stationarity and cointegration of international health expenditure and GDP. J Health Econ 2000;19:461–475.
  17. International Monetary Fund: World Economic Outlook Database, 2004. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2004/02/data/index.htm#countryinfo.
  18. International Labour Organization: Laborsta Internet, 2004. http://laborsta.ilo.org/.
  19. Ernst RL, Hay JW: The US economic and social costs of Alzheimer’s disease revisited. Am J Public Health 1994;84:1261–1264.
  20. Manton KG, Corder LS, Clark R: Estimates and projections of dementia-related service expenditures; in Suzman R, Singer B, Manton KG (eds): Forecasting the Health of the Oldest Old. New York, Springer, 1993, pp 207–238.
  21. Ostbye T, Crosse E: Net economic costs of dementia in Canada. CMAJ 1994;151:1457–1464.
  22. Hux MJ, O’Brien BJ, Iskedjian M, Goeree R, Gagnon M, Gauthier S: Relation between severity of Alzheimer’s disease and costs of caring. CMAJ 1998;159:457–465.
  23. McNamee P, Bond J, Buck D: Costs of dementia in England and Wales in the 21st century. Br J Psychiatry 2001;179:261–266.
  24. Smith KA, Shah A: The prevalence and costs of psychiatric disorders and learning disabilities. Br J Psychiatry 1995;166:9–18.
  25. Holmes J, Pugner K, Phillips R, Dempsey G, Cayton H: Managing Alzheimer’s disease: the cost of care per patient. Br J Health Care Management 1998;4:332–337.
  26. Wimo A, Karlsson G, Sandman PO, Corder L, Winblad B: Cost of illness due to dementia in Sweden. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 1997;12:857–861.
  27. Schulenberg J, Schulenberg I: Cost of treatment and cost of care for Alzheimer’s disease in Germany; in Wimo A, Jonsson B, Karlsson G, Winblad B (eds): The Health Economics of Dementia. London, Wiley & Sons, 1998, pp 217–230.
  28. Kronborg Andersen C, Sogaard J, Hansen E, Kragh-Sorensen A, Hastrup L, Andersen J, et al: The cost of dementia in Denmark: the Odense Study. Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 1999;10:295–304.
  29. Cavallo MC, Fattore G: The economic and social burden of Alzheimer disease on families in the Lombardy region of Italy. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 1997;11:184–190.
  30. Koopmanschap MA, Polder JJ, Meerding WJ, Bonneux L, van der Maas PJ: Costs of dementia in the Netherlands; in Wimo A, Jonsson B, Karlsson G, Winblad B (eds): The Health Economics of Dementia. London, Wiley & Sons, 1998, pp 207–216.
  31. O’Shea E, O’Reilly S: The economic and social cost of dementia in Ireland. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2000;15:208–218.
  32. WHO: World Health report, 2004. www.who.int/whr/2004/annex/topic/annex3.xls.
  33. Mathers C, Stein C, Ma Fat D, Rao C, Inoue M, Tomijima N, et al: Global burden of disease 2000. Version 2: methods and results. Global Programme on Evidence for Health Policy Discussion Paper No 50. Geneva, WHO, 2002.
  34. Prince M: Care arrangements for people with dementia in developing countries. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2004;19:170–177.
  35. Kabir ZN, Szebehely M, Tishelman C: Support in old age in the changing society of Bangladesh. Ageing Soc 2002;22:615–636.
  36. Logminiene Z, Norkus A, Valius L: Direct and indirect diabetes costs in the world. Medicina (Kaunas) 2004;40:16–26.
    External Resources