Attitude of the Population of German Origin in the South East of Spain toward Living Kidney Donation
Ríos A.a, b · Martínez-Alarcón L.a, b · Sánchez J.c · Jarvis N.a · Guzmán D.c · Parrilla P.b · Ramírez P.a, b
In Search of Favorable Sub-Groups for Promoting Living Kidney Donation in Spain
aCoordinación Regional de Trasplantes de la Comunidad Autónoma de Murcia, Consejería de Sanidad, bDepartamento de Cirugía, Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, El Palmar, Servicio Murciano de Salud, and cAsociación de Ayuda al Enfermo Renal (ADAER), Murcia, España
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Background: There is an increasing population of German origin living in the South East of Spain. Objective: To analyze the attitude toward living kidney donation in this population subgroup. Methods: A sample of German residents in the South East of Spain was taken randomly (n = 250) (November 2005–April 2006). Attitude was evaluated using a validated questionnaire. The survey was self-administered and completed anonymously. The control group comprised native Spanish citizens (n = 500). Results: The questionnaire completion rate was 87% (n = 218). Most respondents (92%, n = 201) are in favor of living-related donation. The following variables are related to attitude to donation: (1) marital status of the respondent (p = 0.002); (2) level of education (p < 0.001); (3) attitude toward cadaveric donation (p = 0.005); (4) having had previous experience with the donation and transplantation process (p < 0.001); (5) the respondent’s religion (p = 0.002); (6) the risk that they believe is involved in living kidney donation (p = 0.001), and (7) concern about ‘mutilation’ that could be caused by living donation (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Attitude toward related living kidney donation of German residents in the South East of Spain is favorable and is closely related to attitude toward cadaveric donation, fear of the after-effects of this type of donation and religious attitude.
© 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel
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