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Terms of Use for the Karger Website

Use of the Karger website www.karger.com is subject to these Terms. By using the Karger website the user implicitly accepts to be bound by and to behave according to these Terms of Use as well as any Terms & Conditions or regulations referred to.

Certain parts of this website may be subject to registration and additional Terms & Conditions. Users will be expressively informed during registration process about any applicable Terms & Conditions.

For further information regarding the use of Karger Online Publication please refer to the Karger Site Licenses.

Copyright Protection

The content on the Karger website including but not limited to journal articles and book chapters in whole or in parts, titles, logos, trademarks, graphic designs or adverts are the intellectual property of S. Karger AG (Basel), S. Karger GmbH (Freiburg) or published with permission from the legal copyright owner. All rights are reserved.

Unless otherwise noted, no part of the content on the Karger website may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.

For further information or permission requests please see the explanations under Rights and Permissions.

Open Access

For Open Access articles published by Karger on this website, Creative Commons license conditions apply.

For further information regarding Karger Open Access publications and the applicable Creative Commons Licenses please see Open Access and the Karger Open Access Searchable Gateway.

Privacy Policy

Karger is committed to respecting data-protecting regulations and customers right to privacy. The Privacy Policy outlines what Karger does with the information gathered during the user's visit to sites hosted by S. Karger AG. All information collected online about a user is voluntary, although some services are only accessible by registering user details. The information gathered includes, but is not limited to user's name, address, institution, e-mail address and publication references.

When viewing the Karger site by linking from another web page Karger may store the name of that web page for purposes of internal administration. Karger also monitors data about the movement of users through the Karger website – an activity which does not require any identifiable personal information and is used to improve web site structure, flow, and conten

Karger does not provide the received user's information to third parties. The main use of this information is to inform users of important changes to the Karger website, new value-added services, as well as new publications. Furthermore, Karger collects statistical information to strengthen Karger's marketing efforts by monitoring traffic on the Karger website. This allows Karger to identify specific target areas or groups, enabling Karger to further improve the Karger website.

For further information please refer to the Karger Privacy Policy.


The Karger website uses „Cookies“. These are small amounts of data sent from Karger’s web server to the user's hard drive that identify those who have previously visited the Karger website. If users configures their browser to reject cookies, users may still use some, but not all, portions of the Karger website and will be prompted to enter their ID and password each time they access an article requiring a subscription.


All payments are by credit card only. The transaction is secure: standard-procedure SSL or SET are used and all data are encrypted. No separate invoice is issued/sent, but the customer will receive a confirmation/receipt message with key details of the transaction. The payment process will be operated by our partners SaferPay or Datatrans. Customer’s credit card data are neither stored, copied or downloaded to Karger servers nor are they passed on to third parties. None of these data will be used for mailings or other promotional activities.

Purchases of online products (articles or book chapters in electronic format) cannot be canceled once the transaction has been approved and the confirmation has been sent. Such online items cannot be returned for credit either.

By choosing the Karger Article Bundle (KAB) prepay option the customer will be entitled to purchase a previously determined number of journal articles and/or book chapters within a period of five (5) years after the customer's account has been charged. At the end of the five-year period any remaining credit on the customer's account will expire.

Please note that these access rights cannot be transferred to another article/chapter or book online.

For further information please refer to the Karger Privacy Policy.

Online Access to Karger Content

Online access is for personal, non-commercial use only. Items may be downloaded to a personal computer and/or printed out for customers convenience. Any distribution of online items or the User ID/password to access them online is a violation of the copyright.

Librarians, research or personal assistants etc., who use this service on behalf of others, are entitled to pass on the item to their client.

Please see also the Karger Site Licenses for related information.

Service Access

While Karger endeavours to ensure that the Karger website is normally available 24 hours a day, Karger shall not be liable if for any reason the Karger website is unavailable at any time for any period.

Access to the Karger website may be suspended temporarily and without notice in the case of a system failure, maintenance or repair for reasons beyond Karger's control.


The statements, opinions and data contained in Karger publications are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publisher and the editor(s).

The appearance of advertisements in the journals and on the website is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

Drug Dosage

The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in these publications are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication.

However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.

Governing Law

These Terms of Use shall be exclusively governed by the laws of Switzerland and shall be subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of Switzerland.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, nothing in this legal notice will preclude Karger from applying to any court to bring an action for the infringement of its intellectual property rights.

Basel, July 2016