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Authors, Editors, Reviewers

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Kidney and Blood Pressure Research

Guidelines for Authors

Peer-Review Policy
Plagiarism Policy
Supplementary Material
Conflict of Interest
Types of Articles
Color Illustrations
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Self-Archiving, Funding Organizations (NIH, etc)
Page Charges


Only original papers and review articles written in English are considered.

Manuscripts including figures should be submitted by e-mail in a single PDF file (< 3 MB) to the following e-mail address:


In a separate file the authors could provide a cover letter with a list of 4–6 scientists whom they consider most competent to review the paper. Full address (including e-mail address) should be given for scientists who are not editorial board members of 'Kidney & Blood Pressure Research'.


The content of this publication is reproduced directly from the author's copy. Therefore the editors and publisher disclaim all responsibility for the contents of the articles or any errors contained therein. The statements and opinions contained in the articles are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publisher, the editors or the editorial board. The publisher disclaims responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the articles.


All articles in this journal are Open Access and meet the requirements of funding bodies or academic institutions. Articles are licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license (CC BY-NC-ND). Articles can be read, downloaded, printed, and shared provided that use is for non-commercial purposes only, no modifications or adaptations are made, and proper credit is given to the authors as well as the original publisher. For research funded by the Wellcome Trust, Research Councils UK (RCUK) and other organizations with the same requirements, papers are published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0).
Please contact Karger's Open Access team at openaccess@karger.com with questions regarding your funding body or other matters.

All manuscripts are subject to editorial and peer-review. Manuscripts are received with the explicit understanding that they are not under simultaneous consideration by any other publication.

Copyright of manuscripts is retained by the authors. Authors grant S. Karger AG, Basel, an exclusive unlimited license to publish the article under a Creative Commons license and identify S. Karger AG as the original publisher. Submission of an article for publication implies the authors’ consent to publication under the applicable Creative Commons license and the terms and conditions of the Publisher’s Submission Statement.

It is the author's responsibility to obtain permission to reproduce illustrations, tables, etc. from other publications.

Peer-Review Policy

'Kidney and Blood Pressure Research' is a peer-reviewed journal that uses a single-blind peer-review. Our aim is to provide authors with fast and constructive feedback regarding their submitted manuscript. The Editor-in-Chief and the international editorial board ensure a thorough and fair peer-review and the highest scientific publishing standards. Editors guide the peer-review process for papers in their areas of expertise. They select reviewers and make the decision whether to accept/reject or send a manuscript for revision after at least two review reports are received, and then a further decision to accept/reject or request further revisions following author revisions. Reviewers must have a recent publication record in the area of the submission, must not have published with the authors in the previous three years, and must not be from the same institution as the authors. The Editor-in-Chief is responsible to maintain high-quality peer-review of papers submitted to the journal.


A corresponding author's submission of an empirical paper to Kidney & Blood Pressure Research implies that the research reported was conducted in accordance with the ethical standards established by the United States National Institute of Health or its equivalent with respect to informed consent and the protection of human subjects http://grants.nih.gov/grants/policy/hs/

Disclosure Statement

Authors are required to disclose any sponsorship or funding arrangements relating to their research and all authors should disclose any possible conflicts of interest. Conflict of interest statements will be published at the end of the article.

Types of Articles

1. Original Papers
2. Reviews

Plagiarism Policy

Whether intentional or not, plagiarism is a serious violation. We define plagiarism as a case in which a paper reproduces another work with at least 25% similarity and without citation.
If evidence of plagiarism is found before/after acceptance or after publication of the paper, the author will be offered a chance for rebuttal. If the arguments are not found to be satisfactory, the manuscript will be retracted and the author sanctioned from publishing papers for a period to be determined by the responsible Editor(s).


Title page: The first page of each paper should indicate the title, the authors' names, the institute where the work was conducted, and a short title for use as running head.

Full address: The exact postal address of the corresponding author complete with postal code must be given at the bottom of the title page. Please also supply phone and fax numbers, as well as e-mail address.

Key words: For indexing purposes, a list of 3–10 key words in English is essential.

Abstract: Each paper needs an abstract which should be structured as follows:
Background/Aims: What is the major problem that prompted the study?
Methods: How was the study performed?
Results: Most important findings?
Conclusion: Most important conclusion?

Footnotes: Avoid footnotes.

Tables and illustrations: Tables and illustrations (both numbered in Arabic numerals) should be prepared on separate pages. Tables require a heading and figures a legend, also prepared on a separate page. For the reproduction of illustrations, only good drawings and original photographs can be accepted; negatives or photocopies cannot be used. Due to technical reasons, figures with a screen background should not be submitted. When possible, group several illustrations in one block for reproduction (max. size 180 x 223 mm) or provide crop marks. Electronically submitted b/w half-tone and color illustrations must have a final resolution of 300 dpi after scaling, line drawings one of 800-1,200 dpi.

Supplementary Material

Multimedia files and other supplementary files, directly relevant but not essential to the conclusions of a paper, enhance the online version of a publication and increase its visibility on the web. These files will undergo editorial review. The Editors reserve the right to limit the scope and length of the supplementary material. Multimedia and supplementary material should meet production quality standards for publication without the need for any modification or editing. Files should not exceed 5 MB in size. Figures and tables need to have titles and legends, and all files should be supplied separately and labeled clearly. All supplementary material should be referred to in the main text. A DOI number will be assigned to supplementary material and it will be hosted online at https://karger.figshare.com under a CC BY license. Authors will be charged a processing fee of CHF 250.00 for supplementary material.

Color Illustrations

Online edition: Color illustrations are reproduced online free of charge. If in the print version the illustrations are reproduced in black and white, please do avoid referring to the colors in the text and figure legends.

Print edition: Color illustrations can be integrated in the print edition at CHF 800.– per page.


In the text identify references by Arabic numerals [in square brackets]. Material submitted for publication but not yet accepted should be noted as ‘unpublished data’ and not be included in the reference list. The list of references should include only those publications which are cited in the text. Do not alphabetize; number references in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. The surnames of the authors followed by initials should be given. There should be no punctuation other than a comma to separate the authors. Preferably, please cite all authors. Abbreviate journal names according to the Index Medicus system. Also see International Committee of Medical Journal Editors: Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals (www.icmje.org).

(a) Papers published in periodicals:
Chatel J-M, Bernard H, Orson FM: Isolation and characterization of two complete Ara h 2 isoforms cDNA. Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2003;131:

(b) Papers published only with DOI numbers:
Theoharides TC, Boucher W, Spear K: Serum interleukin-6 reflects disease severity and osteoporosis in mastocytosis patients. Int Arch Allergy Immunol DOI: 10.1159/000063858.

(c) Monographs:
Matthews DE, Farewell VT: Using and Understanding Medical Statistics, ed 3, revised. Basel, Karger, 1996.

(d) Edited books:
DuBois RN: Cyclooxygenase-2 and colorectal cancer; in Dannenberg AJ, Dubois RN (eds): COX-2. Prog Exp Tum Res. Basel, Karger, 2003, vol 37, pp 124–137.

Reference Management Software: Use of EndNote is recommended for easy management and formatting of citations and reference lists.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

S. Karger Publishers supports DOIs as unique identifiers for articles. A DOI number will be printed on the title page of each article. DOIs can be useful in the future for identifying and citing articles published online without volume or issue information. More information can be found at www.doi.org


Karger permits authors of Open Access articles to post the final, published version of their articles in Open Access repositories or on other websites, in accordance with the relevant Creative Commons license. Re-posted Open Access articles must:

  • Follow the terms of the relevant Creative Commons license
  • Be linked to the final version on www.karger.com
  • Include the following statement:

‘The final, published version of this article is available at http://www.karger.com/?doi=[insert DOI number] (e.g. http://www.karger.com/?doi=10.1159/000365070).’
It is the author’s responsibility to fulfill these requirements.
Articles to be archived in PubMed Central for any reason, including funding requirements, must be submitted by Karger (see below):

Funding Organizations (NIH, etc)

The U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) Public Access Policy mandates that accepted, peer-reviewed manuscripts are archived in its digital database, PubMed Central (PMC), within 12 months of the official publication date. As a service to authors, Karger submits the final, published version of Open Access NIH-funded articles to PubMed Central (PMC) immediately upon publication. The paper usually receives a PMCID within approximately a month. Karger also complies with other funders’ requirements (including Wellcome Trust and RCUK) for submission to PMC. Authors should include information on their grant in the Acknowledgements section of their papers.
Manuscripts to be archived in PMC due to funding requirements will be submitted by Karger on the author’s behalf.

Page Charges

Authors are charged CHF 210.– per printed page including tables, illustrations, and references. Two pages of only unformatted text (Times New Roma, 12 pt. double-spaced with wide Margins) without tables and figures will be in print version about nearly one page.


Unless indicated otherwise, proofs are sent to the corresponding author and should be returned with the least possible delay. Alterations made in proofs, other than the correction of printer's errors, may be charged to the author.


Order forms and a price list are sent with the proofs. Orders submitted after the issue is printed are subject to considerably higher prices.